Money has been borrowed on the understanding that it will be paid back with interest.
Money has been put into pension funds on the understanding that the pension pay-out will be (a lot) more than paid in.
Insurance companies take premiums and invest them so that large pay-outs can be made.
All of the above is based on the idea of growth.
A lot of growth.
These `money functions` are at the heart of modern civilization.
When these functions come under pressure, government will come in behind them with guarantees (to save civilization).
When these guarantees are seen not to be enough……..They will instruct their central banks to print up the money to fill the holes.
Being rich is better……if only for financial reasons.
I cannot forecast to you the action of China. It is a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma; but perhaps there is a key. That key is Chinese national interest.
The Eurozone won’t be told what to do. It wants to make it’s own decisions.
The world awaits those decisions.
I call it `the Joker chart`, because the 2001 recession is the top lip to this recession as the bottom lip…..looking like it was going to make a cruel Joker grin (but it has turned out worse than that).